Updated 2018-Jun-14. Created 2007-Apr-09


Stirring photography news/topics/links/Photographer

Updated 2018-Mar-23. Created 2018-Mar-19

Mini mirrorless Medium Format camera

Hasselblad X1D-50

Great looking mini (by it’s size and by it’s sensor size 43.8 × 32.9mm) medium format mirrorless camera. 50MP CMOS sensor (15bits, 100-25600 ISO range), autofocus (contrast detection, 35points), x-sync speed of 1/2000 sec, 725gr! (without a lense).

Hasselblad X1-D

photographylife.com review
dxomark sensor test

Updated 2018-Mar-29. Created 2007-Apr-09

Tableau vivant (staged photography)


Tableau vivant was an approach to picture-making taken up by pioneers of early fine art photography
Today, the approach is exemplified by fine art photographers and artists such as Justine Kurland, Roger Ballen, Jan Saudek, Sandy Skoglund, and Gregory Crewdson...

Radioactive Cats (©Sandy Skoglund, 1980), from sandyskoglund.com

It is sometimes called “staged photography,” but this is an imprecise term – since the simple posing of fashion models in the street is also ‘staged photography’. Tableau vivant is a more precise term to use, if the staged picture obviously draws on the traditions and conventions of either the theatre or painting.

Gregory Crewdson

"One frame movies" (taken mostly on 8x10 large format color negative film). Dystopic communities, desolated streets and abandoned intersections. A suburban Apocalypse Now Redux.

Gregory Crewdson’s photographs are produced on a feature-film scale, often requiring massive cranes, big lights, and a large crew!

©Gregory Crewdson

The father ©Gregory Crewdson

Untitled (Ophelia), 2001, ©Gregory Crewdson

whitecube.com article

blogs.nytimes.com article

Ryan Schude

©Ryan Schude, from emptykingdom.com

&copy Ryan Schude, from issueno206.com


Cristina Coral

(~more on the fashion style side)

© Cristina Coral, from vogue.it

on instagram
vogue.it article

Julia Blackmon

©Julia Blackmon, from imagesource.com


imagesource.com article

Updated 2018-Mar-19. Created 2016-Sep-01

ALPA and Hasselblad collaboration

seen via photorumors.com about Alpa at Photokina 2016

Swedish camera maker Hasselblad and Swiss camera maker ALPA have formed a collaboration allowing an unprecedented exchange of expertise and technical information.
The partnership enables optimized integration of all ALPA technical cameras with both
- Hasselblad HC/HCD lenses as well as
- Hasselblad H System and CFV type digital backs

=> there will likely be more CFV (beside latest CFV-50c) backs!?

© shootthecenterfold.com

'would be great to have 100Mpx 53.4x40.0mm Sony CMOS sensor (like used in Hasselblad H6D-100c) in a CFV digital back for “old” Hasselblad V and Alpa!

n.b. Phase One is already collaborating? & selling its 100Mpx back (with 100Mpx sony sensor) for Alpa!

2018: no more new about this collaboration, and as now Hasselblad belongs to DJI + with the advent of the X1-D their focus is likely really not on digital backs!

Updated 2018-May-11. Created 2015-Nov-05

Infusion of fresh money for Hasselblad

Seen via DPReview.com

Hasselblad is getting fresh money from Chinese Drone giant SZ DJI Technology Co Ltd to invest / develop / not die!...

Hasselblad A5D aerial camera, (image taken from imaging-resource.com)

Drone maker DJI takes ‘strategic minority’ stake in Hasselblad to gain camera technology

Hasselblad’s first camera was an aerial camera, and its A5D models are a modern reflection of its heritage ? and probably what makes a stake in the Swedish company so attractive to an ambitious Chinese drone manufacturer.

The deal is almost certainly aimed at strengthening the hand of DJI in its campaign to own the aerial-photography market in both the movie-making and surveying sectors, while Hasselblad gets a significant injection of investment to fund future products.

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2014-Jan-10

Understanding lens vendor MTF charts in one graph

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2009-Aug-06

Stephane Couturier (photographer, France)

Stephane Couturier on Wikipedia (french)

À l’origine spécialisé dans la photographie d’architecture, Stéphane Couturier s’est orienté progressivement vers la photographie plasticienne : ses photographies de chantier révèlent une ville organique, en transformation et en couleurs et se déclinent parfois en diptyques ou triptyques géants.

Usine Toyota #1 (Valenciennes, 2005)

Grand Palais, Paris VIII

(Urban Cuban landscape!) [Melting Point], La Havane # 3 (2007)

Updated 2018-Mar-29. Created 2009-Aug-06

Andreas Gursky (photographer, Germany)

Andreas Gursky is a German photographer best known for his massive architectural and perspective photographs. He uses extremely wide, panoramic-like angles to create an overwhelming sense of presence and space. He generally shoots subjects that bear some sort of repetition ? people, windows, foodstuffs, you name it ? and exploits their undiscovered beauty.

Andreas Gursky also holds the record for the worlds most expensive photograph ever sold. His 99 Cent II Diptych ? sized at 207cm by 337cm ? sold three prints, each over $2,000,000. The highest one topping out at an astonishing and record breaking $3,340,456.

from wyendrys.com

Visually, Gursky is drawn to large, anonymous, man-made spaces?high-rise facades at night, office lobbies, stock exchanges, the interiors of big box retailers (See his print 99 Cent II Diptychon). In a 2001 retrospective, New York’s Museum of Modern Art called the artist’s work, “a sophisticated art of unembellished observation. It is thanks to the artfulness of Gursky's fictions that we recognize his world as our own.” Gursky?s style is enigmatic and deadpan. There is little to no explanation or manipulation on the works. His photography is straightforward.

Andreas Gursky official page

from wikipedia

99 Cents (I) (1999)

Andreas Gursky and The Contemporary Sublime @americansuburbx.com

In place of nature we find the invasive landmarks of a global economy Taken as a whole, Gursky’s work constitutes a map of the postmodern civilized world.
The vision is not a comforting one. Many of Gursky’s pictures, though beautiful, intensely colorful, and wonderfully composed, leave the viewer with an uneasy feeling. Whether because of the spread of architectures or the bustling crowds they show, or because of the equalizing aesthetic treatment given to all subjects, from the Dolomite Mountains to a car show in France, the pictures are both awe-inspiring and disturbing.

Shanghai (2000)

Updated 2018-Mar-29. Created 2009-Aug-07

Edward Burtynsky (photographer, Ukraine)

Edward Burtynsky on Wikipedia

Burtynsky’s most famous photographs are sweeping views of landscapes altered by industry: mine tailings, quarries, scrap piles. The grand, awe-inspiring beauty of his images is often in tension with the compromised environments they depict.

Manufacturing #17


Updated 2018-Mar-29. Created 2009-Aug-07

Richard Misrach (photographer, France)

Richard Misrach on Wikipedia

© Richard Misrach (from laboiteverte.fr)

On the Beach by Richard Misrach is a collection of large-scale aerial photographs that show the beach-goers as miniatures on sweeping backgrounds of sea and sand. The enormity of the scene that dwarfs the people and the fact that they are so few lends an air of foreboding to a normally happy set. What does nature have in store for the souls who have ventured out to the beach that day?
mocoloco.com article

Wind Mill Farm, San Gorgonio Pass © Richard Misrach (from kristinwilson.com)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2012-Dec-17

Matias Antoniassi (photographer, France)

Argentinian photographer (live and works in Lyon, France).
Discovered via getDPI forum on medium format.

Great "Retour a la Terre" serie ...

© matantoniassi.com

Matias Antoniassi photos

Updated 2018-May-11. Created 2012-Oct-09

Seen at Vevey Images Festival

Interesting contemporary photographers (re/)discovered at Images Festival (8-30 Sept 2012; Vevey, Switzerland)

Tereza Vlčková (Czech republic)

Mysterious and magical images

© Tereza Vlčková, taken from inagblog.com

two © Tereza Vlčková, taken from pinimg.com

on stampsy.com

Christian Riis Ruggaber (Switzerland)

I like his topographical landscapes

seen a giant print of

(very impressive)

Updated 2018-Jun-14. Created 2011-Dec-06

Size does matter!

or how and why pictures from medium format – and larger – camera will always look better.

Answer: it’s the lens spatial frequency advantage

It always struck me how medium and large format pictures looked more life-like to me. I’ve realized that it’s not (just) a question of resolution and dynamic range, as even “low” resolution jpeg pictures on the web could look great / “real”.

Great 3D / life-like feel © Leszek Kowalski @ artlimited.net

Forget Film vs digital, forget CCD vs CMOS, forget anti-aliasing filter or not, forget megapixel race: what matters most – for image quality – is the sensor size... not because of the sensor performance but because of the lens!

  • For an identical image, if the format is larger, the same detail will also be larger (on the image plane) so that the lens will need less resolving power to resolve it. It’s a shift to lower spatial frequencies: The lens is used in a “better zone” of its MTF, meaning used in a better zone of its optical quality, giving a better micro contrast etc...

e.g. a 10um detail on a 24 × 36 mm sensor = a 18.3um detail on a 56 × 56 mm sensor. The lens will have to resolve a smaller detail on the 24 × 36 than on the 56 × 56 = the lense will have to be used at higher spatial frequencies – at lower contrast. 10um would correspond to 50 lp/mm versus 18.3um to 27 lp/mm. A lens transmitted contrast a 27lp/mm is better than at 50lp/mm (especially at wide apertures, see page 8 graph of Carl Zeiss' paper on reading MTFs !

Summary: The larger the format, the better the image – produced by the lens – quality.

And seeing (at Paris Photo 2011) a Richard Learoyd 8h exposure, giant direct-positive image, taken with his room sized camera obscura is an amazing experience c.f. Uncomfortably Close: Richard Learoyd?s, Presences, that wont contradict this observation!

An other way to look at it: a large format will “capture” more analogical optical detail at a certain transmitted micro-contrast (High spatial frequencies with >= 50% of transmission [MTF50 curves] are important for the apparent “pep” of an image, maybe even 90% which is very low-resolution).

It’s cost (and weight), not quality that keeps sensors small!

n.b. Obviously to have the same field of view going from e.g. 24x36 to 56x56 one would need to use a lens with an 1.83x longer focal (with a shallower depth of field at the same distance & apperture which is nice btw) and a larger image circle.
Contrarily to a common conception, medium format lenses as they need to produce a larger image circle are more difficult to produce and therefore might have worst MTF than the best 24x36 lenses, but the size advantage still holds...

n.b. Obviously having a shallow depth of field even with semi wide angles + a square format (in the case of 6x6 medium format) helps in creating the medium format “magic”.

n.b. Obviously having a high number of megapixel is nice as lenses can produce (barely) visible/usable “details” up to MTF 5-2% ! at very high spatial frequencies. To sample those a high resolution is needed. High megapixel is good, but could not replace using the lens at its best ! As long as the sensor can sample at least the lens details at its MTF50 threshold, a 56x56 mm image will always be better than a 24x36 image, no matter the pixel count (as long as the lenses are good).

n.b. I’m wondering if semi / cropped – medium format digital camera with sensors as (too) small as 33 × 44 mm (Hasselblad h4D-40), 30 × 45mm (Leica S2), up to (better) 56 × 36mm (Leaf Aptus-II 10) 53.7 × 40.4 (Leaf Aptus-II 12) are worth the price! Compared to 24x36 they will, respectively, get a reduction in lens used spatial frequencies (= uncrop factor) of 1.27, 1.24, 1.54, 1.55 (a detail corresponding to a spatial frequency of 50lp/mm would be reduced to, respectively 39.4, 40.3, 32.47, 32.25 lp/mm)...

Introduction to resolution and MTF curves

Do Sensors ?Outresolve? Lenses?

Carl Zeiss' paper on reading MTFs.

The Mother of All Lens Tests

Hasselblad 500c Flickr set

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2011-Aug-14

Natsumi Hayashi Levitations diary

Living in Tokyo with two cats, Natsumi Hayashi photographs herself levitating...

© Natsumi Hayashi, yowayowacamera.com

© Natsumi Hayashi, yowayowacamera.com

Natsumi Hayashi blog: YOWAYOWACAMERA.COM

Updated 2018-Mar-21. Created 2011-Nov-07

Industrial and nature landscapes

Dimitri Bogachuk (Photographer, Ukraine)

taken from artlimited.net © Dimitri Bogachuk

Born in Vishneve, grew up at Krivyi Rih, now, live in Vishneve, Kievska region, Ukraine. In 2010 received a Master of Arts degree in Art expert into the National Academy of Culture and Arts in Kyiv.
Influence: Mark Rothko, Hiroshi Sughimoto, George Braque, Michael Kenna, Denis Olivier, Tim Burton.


Andrey Belkov (Photographer, Russia)

© Andrey Belkov

© Andrey Belkov


new color work via google+

Emmanuel Correia (Photographer, France)

© Emmanuel Correia

© Emmanuel Correia


Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2011-Aug-14

Hisaji Hara: a photographic portrayal on the paintings of Balthus

This is the second show of Hara’s Balthus-themed photographic compositions.
Reinventing the artist’s legendary portraits of young girls and boys in a distinctly Japanese setting.

© Hisaji Hara


Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2011-Apr-28

Jamie Beck's Cinemagraphs

(discovered via Petapixel)

Cool partialy animated GIFs (where only a small part of each picture is animated)

© Jamie Beck From Me to You, a photography blog

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2010-Nov-21

Sacha Goldberger (Photographer, France)

Mamika serie – sad grandmother cheered up by superhero cosplay:

Outrageous photographs of hist 91 year old Hungarian grandmother Frederika as a super hero!

Sacha’s website

seen on mymodernmet.com (via gizmodo.com)

Exposition: galerie Wanted (23 rue du roi de sicile, 75004 Paris, France) du 17 septembre au 30 novembre 2010.

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2010-Nov-20

Jim Kazanjian (Photographer/CG artist, USA)

Cool apocalyptical composite scenes!

untitled_Implosion (2008)

untitled_Fortification (2008)

© http://www.kazanjian.net

Jim on his work:

I am interested in a kind of ‘entropic’ image”an image that has the capacity to de-familiarize itself. My current work is an attempt to unravel the photograph and play with established notions of time and space, notwithstanding our understanding of what gives things context.

(from artistaday.com)

seen on gizmodo

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2010-Sep-22

Almost affordable Hasselblad


Seen on a endgadget post.

31 megapixel Medium Format (sensor likely only 48mm x 36mm like on H4D-40) + lens; under 10000 euros: 9995 euros ($13355) (13210 CHF) + taxes.

do I want a cropped medium format camera?

With such a “small” medium format 48mm x 36mm sensor (= 60mm diagonal versus 43.3mm for 35mm full frame [ff]) there is a 0.72 crop factor (or 1.39x uncrop factor) compared to ff. The corresponding lens for a ff 43.3mm would be a 70mm; the reduction in dof would be 1.39 x (~= the crop factor) for the same aperture on a subject at the same distance (with the increase in sensor size, there will be an increase in dof – as less magnification is required to produce a same sized image – of 1.39 over a concomitant decrease of 1.39 ^2 due to the lens focal increase: 1.39 ^2 / 1.39 = 1.39). A depth of field reduced by ~1.4: nice - if you like pictures with “relief”/focus-contrast!

BUT medium format lenses don’t have great maximum apertures! Here the 80mm “standard” lens opens only at 2.8: what you gain in loss of dof by having a longer focal lenght (for the same view angle and aperture) you lose it by not having the lens fast enough! from ff 50mm to cmf 80mm you have ~ 1.4 less dof, but from f1.4 to f2.8 you have ~ 2x more dof! So in fact you could have shallower depth of field with the 35mm ff!
c.f. normankoren dof tutorial, and Depth of field tutorial @cambridgeincolour.com and Eliminate Depth of Field Confusion
n.b. going from 35mm ff to APS-C you get 1.6 x increased dof but here the APS-C or other smaller crop sensor lenses are not (>=1.35 f-stop) faster than 35mm ff to compensate!...

So 24x36mm “full frame” with fast lenses is better than 48x36mm “medium” format with slow lenses for having a shallow dof! (when being 2 f-stops faster, for the same view angle on its system) and much better than crop sensors. I know, there is more than dof to medium format vs 35mm (including sensor dynamic range, low light sensitivity etc? not always in favor of medium format btw)...
I think the relative “magic” with medium or large format is the increased “focus contrast” (shallow dof) with a concomitant increase in “details” - line-pairs/mm – as there is less magnification to produce a print/view of the same size (but here too what you gain is mitigated by the fact that >= medium format lenses – more complex to build with their larger image circles – have less resolving power than 35mm ff lenses).

I’ll keep my 24x36 ff with fast primes until we have real medium format sensors at least 56mm x 56mm (real 6x6: uncrop factor: 1.82) where you have almost 2f-stops of advantage “dof-wise” compared to ff and 1.36x more details (if not sensor nor lens limited) per mm in final prints/views of the same size for lens with ~1.33x less resolving power (1.82x more details / 1.33 = 1.36).
With 48mm x 36mm cropped medium format, and slower mf lenses you’ll loose 0.6 f-stop dof-wise (with a 80mm @ f2.8 vs a 50mm @ 1.4 with ff) for no gain in details (1.39/1.33=1.04) - if not sensor nor lens limited – The only advantage is the increased in sensor resolution (= being less sensor limited): 31Mpx for this sensor size, with a 60lp/mm lenses: is a perfect resolution. But at 2-3x the price of a Leica M9 / Canon 5Dii; a (maximal) 1.5x increase in captured details, with an slightly decreased minimal dof (with 50f1.4 vs 80mmf.28): not for me. ('Could say the same for the Leica S2 37.5Mpx, 30x45mm sensor super cropped “medium” format camera...)

...If only my Canon 5Dii could be as beautiful as that Hasselblad!

update: in 2012 'bought an old Hasselblad 500C/M and a CFV-50 digital back (with a KAF-50100 49.1x36.8mm 50Mpx CCD sensor from TrueSense[Kodak])

Updated 2018-Mar-21. Created 2010-Jun-27

Lori Nix (photographer, USA)

Lori Nix is an artist who bends the line between truth and illusion in her photographs. She accomplishes this by photographing miniatures and models which illuminate her interest in the disaster movies of the 1970s and her memories of growing up in Kansas.

Blimp (from reframingphotography.com)

Vacuum Showroom (from angusrshamal.com)

Over the past thirty years, the constructed photograph has become an integral voice in the dialogue of contemporary photography. From Bernard Faucon’s carefully constructed scenes of mannequins of children, to Laurie Simmons' and Cindy Sherman’s pivotal deconstructions of gender roles, to Jim Casebere’s elegant architectural studies, to the monumental productions by Jeff Wall and Gregory Crewdson, the practice of constructing images from the imagination has allowed photographers to explore, question, and extend pliable links between the veracity of photography as evidence and the photograph as extension of the imagination.


Lori Nix CoolHunting video

(seen on petapixel)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2010-Jun-11

Tarkovsky's Polaroids

Filmmaker Andrei Tarkovsky’s Polaroid snapshots! Taken at his home in Russia, and while traveling in Italy (seen on boingboing.net).

© (studiolum.com) diphotos.net

on Poemas del Río Wang blog
on www.diphotos.net (Russian photo blog)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2010-Mar-09

Vivian Maier (photographer, USA)

A Chicago street photographer from the 1950s – 1990s. Her never before seen work was recently discovered and sold at an auction!

© John Maloof Collection – vivianmaier.blogspot.com

Her discovered work includes about 100000 mostly medium format negatives and a ton of undeveloped rolls of film! Born February 1, 1926 and deceased on Tuesday, April 21, 2009.

She was constantly taking pictures, which she didn’t show anyone.
John Maloof (street photographer)

Vivian Maier - Her Discovered Work

Updated 2018-Mar-21. Created 2010-Feb-10

Leeming + Paterson

Abstract Landscape photography

Impressions Gallery

Ted Leeming and Morag Paterson work in collaboration to produce abstract landscape images which explore the subtle textures, colours and contrasts of nature. Drawing on the natural elements of light, weather, season and movement the images seek to embody soul and atmosphere rather than focusing on tangible detail.

©leemingpaterson.com Reflecting on Light, Ardrossan, Scotland – ISO 50, f29, 0.6s, 70-200mm

Beautiful and moving.
Discovered via a luminous-landscape article

Updated 2018-Mar-21. Created 2009-Aug-12

Megapixel Saneness

I don’t understand all the fuzz about digital sensor size and resolution versus lens resolution. Higher resolution is NOT (completely) madness! To me the “megapixel madness” meme is “sampling misunderstanding”!
I don’t understand this worry about sensors out resolving lenses wrongly calculated by considering that one (lens) cycle should not be covered by more than 2 sensor pixels...

For example if you have 6.4um pixel size sensor (like my Canon 5DII 21Mpx 24x36mm sensor) you have like (1000/6.4) 156 pixels / mm but this doesn’t mean you need a lens that can resolve at least 156 lp / mm to make good use of the sensor! First lp means line pairs! (a black plus a white line! otherwise how can you see that there are lines!) so that would be ~ 68 lp/mm for the limit where the lens “could” be out-resolved by the sensor (n.b. >= 68lp/mm is ~ a common lens resolution). Moreover lp/mm: well, yes; but at what contrast? the world is not black or white! (Lp/mm is an old crude, non objective measure, now we use MTF measures). To represent a transition from black to white shouldn’t we use more than 2 pixel?! The smallest “detail” a lens can resolve doesn’t exists on its own but only in contrast with another detail (or background) + considering the phase/alignment (to the digital sensor) “it” should therefore be sampled with more than one pixels.
I know, when stopped down, lenses have their resolving power going down due to light diffraction: some think that they are then out-resolved by the sensor (see Why Moore?s Law Does Not Apply to Digital Photography) and anyway many lenses are not that good, but to me a “perfect” - or a good enough – high-end sensor must be able to sample – with more than 1 pixel! - the finest details from what the best lens could get at its best aperture under the best conditions! Not very important for vacation “souvenir” small prints, but for large ones yes!

To correctly record all lens analogical “points” - ~ corresponding to the smallest confusion circle the lens can produce – one must sample them at greater than their resolution (See Nyquist frequency “aliasing can be avoided if the Nyquist frequency is greater than the bandwidth, or maximum component frequency, of the signal being sampled”).

How well a spatial frequency pattern is resolved by a pixel grid depends on the precise alignment (phase) of the pattern with their grid. On average, you can reliably resolve only about 70% of Nyquist; the reduction is known as the Kell factor. In other words, you need at least something like 2.8 pixels/cycle for reliable resolution and reconstruction of a spatial frequency. ... A small amount of oversampling is good, but more is overkill
Camera Lenses: From Box Camera to Digital (via google books)

Let’s say we want 3 pixels to sample a cycle (line pair “section”), and we use a good 80 lp/mm (?at 50% contrast?) 35mm lens, so we need a 240 pixel/mm sensor; for 24mm = 5760 pixel vertically = 5760 × 8640 pixels = we need at least 50 megapixels before the (35mm full frame) sensor really out-resolves the lens (technicaly that sensor would be out resolving the lens, but this is required for a perfect sampling).
Moreover one must also remember that almost all sensors are bayer matrices (via a color filter array) where half of the pixels are sensitive to green and 25% to red, 25% to blue; their spatial resolution is higher than their color resolution could we say. The real colors are interpolated by demosaicing. I’m sure (high sensitivity, low noise) 50 megapixels for a 35mm full frame sensors wouldn’t be a crazy thing!
(even considering a Kell factor of 0.9 => 2.2 pixels/cycle ... you’ll need 27 megapixels to correctly sample the image; with a very high end 100 lp/mm lens you’ll need ~ 42Mpx)
To summary: (35mm) sensors are not yet lens limited.

And if we go to medium or large format: this is interesting. Due to the requirement of a larger image circle, and therefore construction difficulties (design compromises) medium format lenses have less resolving power per mm ... so considering a 60 lp/mm lens = (still with 3px for one lp) 180 pixel/mm x 56mm = 10080 pixels horizontally = 10080 x 7560 pixels for a ~ 56 × 42mm “645” sensor (e.g. the Phase One P 65+) = 76 megapixels (pixel size: 5.6um)...
With the “small” Hasselblad 40?54mm (e.g. H4D-60) sensor you’ll need 70 megapixels (38 if you consider a Kell factor of 0.9... ).

I think the mega-pixels race (and also the higher sensitivity / lower noise + wide dynamic range + high color depth race) is not over! There will be a limit where additional sensor resolution won’t be useful, but we’re not that quite there yet! (but not far) ... For 35mm (full frame) sensor format: 1 more additional (pixel number) doubling would be nice, then halving of the cost, increasing quality/sensitivity would represent a more interesting Moore?s Law. For “small” medium format sensors we’re not far from the limit (with 60megapixels backs)!...

n.b. for the nostalgics: I’ve heard that film is not as crisp as digital, in part due to scattering of light in the emulsion, inter-reflections (= less resolving power, less micro contrast) and higher noise (~ grain)! The resolving power of Fuji Reala (100iso) - my favorite film with fuji nps 160 – is rated 63 “lines” (yes, line widths; black and white, not cycles/pairs or it’s a typo?) per millimeter at a 1.6 to 1 target (weak) contrast ratio = 32 lp/mm, and 125 l/mm at 1000:1 (not a current micro-contrast, more for astronomic photography!?) = 62 lp/mm representing, for 35mm, (125x24 × 125x36) 13Mpx (at 1.6:1 of subject contrast would be 63x24x63x36 = 3.5Mpx). (n.b. those “old” resolution numbers/units look strange ... on the fuji provided MTF graph MTF 50% looks like 60 lp/mm : 13Mpx)
To correctly sample that film one would need 1.11^2 times more pixels, but in itself the film represents 4 to 13 millions of analogic “points” and should be for sure spatially maxed out by a ~ 13Mpx digital sensor (nevertheless as color film “dots” can capture any color – no bayer matrix!- film is probably not so bad in “chrominance” resolution, although with its complex layer system, reflexion etc I’m not so sure). I would say that it looks like actual 35mm full frame sensor (e.g. Canon 5DII 21 megapixels) are better than film but not uselessly out-resolving a 80 lp/mm lens ...

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Urban decay

Cool site:

Today, the pyramids of the industrial revolution just uselessly stand in the way, they’re a scar in the landscape.
The deafening noises have been replaced by silence, but if you listen carefully they will tell you their story.

copyright © Henk van Rensbergen – abandoned-places.com

n.b. another list of anandoned-places: Top 10 Abandoned Places

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Seitz 160Mpx digital camera

High end Swiss 6x17 panoramic camera with a special 160Mpx! sensor [21’250 × 7’500px, ISO 500-10’000!, 48-bit depth, high dynamic range] developed by DALSA Corporation.
OK, it’s not a normal (area-array) sensor, but a linear/scan sensor; it doesn’t cover the entire image area, the image must be scanned across the sensor as it builds up the image from the captured rows of pixels (not great for action photography)! A 160 million pixel 6x17 panorama takes one second.
Image Sensors

45’500 CHF (28’900 Euro) [Mobile version]
Too expensive for a non professional! ...

A 6x17 digital panorama (uncompressed) has about 950 MB! Data is transferred by gigabit ethernet from the sensor to a storage device or computer.

For those who might think – do we need such high resolution: I’ll just say 2 words: “giant prints!”... (obviously it’s not meant for vacation pictures that you watch on a computer screen!)

seitz 6x17 at roundshot.ch

image from www.level-extreme.de by Paul-Löbe-Haus

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

It's a small world after all that frame tilting

How To Make Anything Look Like a Toy

In artist Olivo Barbieri 's photographs, the six-acre Roman Colosseum resembles an upside-down soda cap, Las Vegas and Rome look like model-train landscapes, and an 80,000-ton boat seems as if a child could pluck it from the water.

copyright © Olivo Barbieri

It’s often hard to convince people that Olivo Barbieri’s aerial photographs are real!

To create this effect, Barbieri uses a tilt-frame camera to shift the plane of focus so that it is out of alignment with the film. Normally, this allows wide-angle aerial views to be captured in proper perspective. But used incorrectly, an optical illusion occurs.


Japanese photographer Naoki Honjo (and now many others! ) uses the same technique

Gimmicky? but really cool!

Could we do the same with a simple shift/tilt lense ?
e.g. for my ukrainian ‘Hasselblad’ (Kiev 88cm:

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Canon EOS 5Dii

First affordable full-frame (35 mm) sensor digital camera (5D [12.8Mpix] released October 2005, 5D mark II [21Mpix] Sept 2008).

Canon 5D mark II review

  • 21 megapixel full frame (35mm) CMOS sensor (identical to the sensor in the EOS-1Ds Mark III). Excellent resolution, very good high ISO performance!
  • 1080 24p video usable in low light conditions with very good quality!

We have always placed a heavy emphasis on image quality, and all other things aside this means the 5D Mark II has to receive our highest rating. When you consider the price of the EOS-1Ds Mark III, the 5D Mark II seems like quite a bargain.

via toppreise.ch: body now (April 2011) at ~2200 CHF (2700$, 1900euro)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

First 100+ Million Pixel CCD Image Sensor

First 4x4 inch captor! 10,560 × 10,560 pixels (111 million pixels), developed by DALSA Semiconductor (to aid the U.S. Naval Observatory’s Astrometry Department in precisely determining the position and motion of celestial objects).
I hope this kind of sensor will be used for future large format digital camera! + it’s a sign that sensors CAN be bigger and have very high resolution!
It looks it was custom made, probably cost ‘quite a lot’!...

dpreview.com article

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Hasselblad H system

Dream camera (Ubercamera or dinosaur?)

The H2 and H2D uses high quality 22 Mpix CCD sensor measuring 37mm x 49mm (but still less than 57x57mm film medium format!)...


Crazy expensive for a non professional (too bad). It’s cheaper to scan medium format films (e.g. from a dirt cheap Kiev camera) on a cheap flatbed high resolution scanner (e.g. Epson Perfection 4990 Pro): noisier?, flatter? but better than nothing!

New: H2D-39 first digital auto-focus 39Mpx camera.
Photokina 2006: H3D
July 2008: H3DII-50 50 megapixels $39,995 dpreview link
December 2009: H4D-60 60 megapixels!

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Understanding Digital Blending

High Dynamic Range imaging (tiring, often kitch and dramatic) is all the rage these days and it can be done easily with images from even low end digital cameras and without an expensive Photoshop plugin.


by C Ray Dancer on flickr

flickr HDR pool

This is funny: in fact it’s the opposite of High Dynamic Range imaging! It’s representing a high dynamic range into the limited dynamic range of your jpeg & display (8bits/channel) = technically it’s "dynamic range reduction", generally using badly applied “Local Adaptation” method via photoshop!...

Is there something uglier than those HDR images!? yes: light-painting-photography ;-)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Digital "details"

Film vs. Digital Cameras


How much detail can you capture and scan?


Digital cameras will match Fujichrome Velvi 35mm film when they reach more than about 10 megapixels. Somewhere in the 12-16 megapixels will produce color image quality comparable to 35 mm film (this is a compromise of more intensity detail and less color detail than film). Somewhat fewer megapixels, approximately 8-10 Mpixels will match 35mm film intensity detail but at below 35mm film color detail.

Medium format film: about 50 megapixels are needed to match Fujichrome Velvia in 6 × 4.5 cm.

Large format: more than 200 megapixels are needed to match 4x5 Fujichrome Velvia film. How much more needs further testing.

n.b. (aug 2009): see my 1st n.b. in my Megapixel Saneness article
My (~theoretical) calculation, based on declared Fuji Reala film resolution indicates that 13Mpix (for 35mm format) will be required to reach film maximum resolution. Note: but when you scan a film it’s better to do it at 1.11 – 1.4x it’s resolution (in one dimension) (at a resolution high enough to resolve all the details without aliasing/phase problems) = 24Mpix for (35mm) reala = ~4200dpi!

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Photoshop notes

Dreamy Portraits, How to (make)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

(Very!) Old color photos

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii

Monastery from the Solarium (Russia, ~*1909*)

seen on Infinity Unbound

seen Sept 2010:
Prokudin-Gorskii Collection at Library of Congress

Studies on Lindozero (laika [dog]) 1915

Using Harris Shutter Effect (combination of individual monochrome photos taken and reproduced with color filters)

IMO photography is the greatest , although not most advanced, invention of humanity. The fact that something so simple can not only transport you to another place and time, but that it can also stir emotions without a word. Always amazing.
(comment from BadJoJo on a gizmodo article)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

Gowland cameras

Economical large format cameras

8x10 Gowland Aerial !


Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2008-Mar-17

(mostly) Geneva Photo Blog

Nice site:


Voie centrale


Gas station at Carouge © Evdokia

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

1700mm Carl Zeiss lens

1700mm, f/4, 256 kg (564 lb.)!
Custom-built for a client who wanted to shoot wildlife at a distance with a Hasselblad 203 FE (6 × 6 format)


Updated 2018-Mar-29. Created 2007-Sep-22

Historischer Autofriedhof Guerbetal

Speaking of decay: a nice place I should visit near Bern (Switzerland).
A big car dump with cars from the 1930s – 70s!

Will close end of 2009

cd-globe-image set
flickr set

46 Moosstrasse
3126 Kaufdorf
google map link

long time ago I’ve taken pictures in a car dump in Geneva (Switzerland), route d’Ambilly, that was dismantled shortly after. The one in Kaufdorf will also soon be dismantled (but people are fighting this off) ~ begining 2008 ... 'time to go there ...

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

EPSON Perfection V750 PRO / V700 scanner

V750@photo-i.co.uk review
V700@photo-i.co.uk review

probably the best in the A4 class, I haven’t tested any other flatbed scanner that can match the performance of this scanner. For film scanning this scanner is the best there is, short of going down the dedicated film scanner route. The quality of scans for medium and large format films is outstanding, especially as the results are near identical to a dedicated film scanner costing £2500.

(V750: 1230 CHF, V700: 930 CHF)

Note: use wet/fluid mounting ? http://www.scanscience.com

Nikon LS9000 Supercoolscan 9000 ED
(>=3400 CHF)

Updated 2018-Mar-05. Created 2007-Apr-09

America in color, 1939-1943

Exhibition at the Library of Congress
Bound for glory; America in color, 1939-1943.

America in Color is the first major exhibition of the little known color images taken by photographers of the Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information (FSA/OWI). Comprised of seventy digital prints made from color transparencies taken between 1939 and 1943, this exhibition reveals a surprisingly vibrant world that has typically been viewed only through black-and-white images. These vivid scenes and portraits capture the effects of the Depression on America’s rural and small town populations, the nation’s subsequent economic recovery and industrial growth, and the country’s great mobilization for World War II.

John Vachon. African American boy; Cincinnati, Ohio, 1942 or 1943

Jack Delano. Mrs. Viola Sievers, one of the wipers at the roundhouse giving a giant “H” class locomotive a bath of live steam. Clinton, Iowa, April 1943.

Online exhibition:

Bound for Glory: America in Colour 1939-1943

America in Colour 1939-1943 on flickr